P.O Box 135
Osmond an Ashoka Fellow, (Social Entrepreneur) since 2003; environmentalist, agriculturalist and most of all a traditional leader of the Chief Svosve clan, born on 12th December 1954 holds an MSc in Ecology and Resource Management with Distinction from Edinburgh University UK. Supported by Ashoka, Osmond founded the Njeremoto Biodiversity Institute (NBI-Zimbabwe) in 2004 with a mandate to facilitate Sustainable Time Controlled Grazing in Arid and Semi-arid Rangeland Ecosystems and is the implementing agent while is the fund raiser for the Institute (NBI-Zimbabwe).
The Njeremoto Biodiversity Institute focuses on rehabilitation of degraded rangelands for poverty eradication and sustainable livelihoods in arid rangelands
This innovation is a whole catchment and whole society management. Which is the basis of a solution for rehabilitation of Semi-arid rangelands degradation by adopting time controlled grazing based on Indigenous Shona Grazing Management Practices and modern science. Heavy stocking rates for short period (7 to 21 days) followed by long recovery periods (equivalent to full summer recovery in Zimbabwe – 180 days Nov to Apr). Land divided into adequate units such that 1/3 of the area is grazed in early summer, 1/3 in late summer and 1/3 receives full summer recovery period (not grazed) over and above the arable area by natural boundaries (no fencing at all). These units are rotated annually by herders. This can be constituted by having herding groups made out of three traditional village heads (kraalheads) areas who have common grazing areas.
This is simulation of the community herding that was characteristic of the Shona hamlets of Zimbabwe in the 16th to the 18th Century. Villagers herded animals in turns (“Majanha”). As an example, a village with 30 families then, each family took 7 days to look after the whole village herd. When the family had the turn, it grazed the animal close to its arable since it wanted to work in its field while children looked after the animals near her. This meant the rest of the areas around the other 29 families, was resting. It would take 7 days x 29 households = 203 days for the animals to come back to the first family. But this is more than the summer period (180 days). This meant that only 26 families (7 x 26 = 182 days) would have turns to herd cattle and the other 4 families’ area around the field would have a full summer recovery.